The Pilbara is a land where people have lived for tens of thousands of years, networked by songlines, that carry knowledge from the north-western corner, right across Australia. The locals claim the Pilbara as the origin of many things. The art movement began back in the early 1970s, when schoolteacher Geoff Bardon encouraged the men at the tiny settlement of Papunya in central Australia to begin recording their stories as paintings. Painting brought economic benefits and kept alive the Creation stories, the Tjukurrpa,. There are many art groups -Cheeditha, Juluwarlu Martumili Artists, Spinifex Hill Studio and Yinjaa-Barni Art.